The research aims to identify the degree of intellectual fluency, sports passion, and learning motivation in handball for third-stage students, and to identify the correlation between intellectual fluency, sports passion, and learning motivation in handball for third-stage students, and to build a causal relationship model to identify the direct and indirect effects of intellectual fluency. And sports passion for learning motivation in handball for third-stage students.
The descriptive approach was used using survey methods and correlations, and the research community included third-stage students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Babylon for the academic year (2022-2023), whose number is (212) students, and a sample of building the sports passion scale was chosen by (55) students. The main research sample consisted of (107) students who were chosen randomly by lottery.
The measure of intellectual fluency consisted of (30) items representing four domains, the measure of sports passion (16) items representing two domains, and the learning motivation measure (50) items representing six domains) which represents the external independent variables in (sports passion and learning motivation) as internal dependent variables, and the indirect effects of the fields of (intellectual fluency) in (learning motivation) through (sports passion) as a mediator and internal variable, and the statistical bag (SPSS) and (AMOS) program were used for the purpose of data processing.
The research came out with a set of conclusions, including: the emergence of a strong direct correlation with significant statistical significance between intellectual fluency, sports passion and learning motivation in handball for students, and the validity of the causal model for path analysis was proven in the statement and clarification of the precedence of the variables in terms of being independent, mediating and dependent.
The research came out with a set of recommendations, including: the need to work hard to achieve intellectual fluency for students because of its great role in sports passion and learning motivation to achieve the goals of the educational process and the future goals of students. Or the theory of what has to do with learning motivation.