Anterior dislocation of shoulder joint is an often injury hurt by athletes like football players on account of the accident and strength contact with other players on the ground.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors of anterior shoulder dislocation among football players of Dhaka city.
Methods: A total of 40 football player from different football club team in Dhaka city were investigated by use of self-administered questionnaires.
Result: A descriptive epidemiological study was performed prospectively by the different playing seasons of (2010–2021) and showed that the average age of player were 24 to 27 years and male player (80%), higher secondary passed (42.5%), unmarried (60%), recreational player (37.5%) were more. Most of the player height were (5.6 to 5.8 inch), weight were (62 to 67 kg) and present history of trauma (65%). Most of the injury (35%) occurred during dangerous tackles & (47.5%) had previous history of anterior shoulder dislocation. (95%) of player maintained warm-up training before play and (70%) did not use any protective appliance, more injury occurred within midfielder (35%) and left shoulder joint (42.5%), and most were didn’t maintain exercise in regularly (72.5%) and felt sever types of pain (45%), more of the dislocation (62.5%) occurred by fall during play. Self-correction technique were applied in (30%) of the player and (47.5%) visited allopathic doctor to solve injury. (57.5%) of the player don’t know about shoulder dislocation. Study also showed there was statistically significant association present between traumas with self-treatment (p ≤ 0.021) and self-treatment with preventive measure (p ≤ 0.005) and visit doctor with knowledge about shoulder dislocation (p ≤ 0.044).
Conclusion: Football players with a record of shoulder dislocation are not playing at full dimension and also have a significant rate of reinjure as well as a high risk of dislocating the other shoulder. The hazard of injury in enjoyment football players is comparatively high causing significant labor loss. The results suggest that prevention programs should consider to prevent anterior shoulder dislocation.