Introduction: Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet with regards to improving anyone's athletic performance. Nutrition is an important part of many sports training regimens, being popular in strength sports (such as weightlifting and bodybuilding) and endurance sports (e.g. cycling, running, swimming, rowing).
Methodology: Survey of primary and secondary literature is the prime methodology used for preparing this research article.
Research Findings: Developing an individualized sports nutrition plan for athletes involves considering the individual’s health history, the bioenergetics and logistics of the athlete’s sport, total weekly training, and competition time, living arrangements, access to food, and travel schedules. Sports nutrition professionals should listen closely to the goals, questions, and concerns of athletes and then build an individualized nutrition plan that is mutually acceptable and productive.
Conclusion: It is essential to carry out a nutritional approach adapted to the athlete and training sessions. In addition, other advantages of adequate food intake in sports are related to changes in body composition, reduction of injuries, and prolongation of professional career length. The objective of sports nutrition studies is to determine the nutritional requirements of the athlete population that allow achieving their sporting goals. Nutritional strategies need to be addressed in terms of macronutrient consumption, hydration, and timing depending on the type and intensity of exercise.