ABSTRACT:Background and Purpose:
Physical activity (PA) and regular exercise play an important role in glycemic control, which is considered an important part of the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Physical inactivity negatively affects the quality of life (QOL) of diabetic patients. So the present study was undertaken to find out the association of PA with QOL among T2DM patients.
Methodology: A cross sectional study evaluated 272 subjects with T2DM (age above 30 years), through a face-to-face interview using the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-L) to assess PA and World Health Organization-Quality Of Life- BREF (WHO-QOL-BREF) questionnaire to assess QOL. Information regarding the demographic data, duration of disease, glycemic status and anthropometric measures were also recorded.
Results: Results of the present study showed that PA has significant (p<0.05) moderate positive correlation with all 4 different domains (physical r=0.42, psychological r=0. 57, social r=0.53 and environmental r=0.51) and significant weak positive correlation with another 2 items (general health r=0.25 and general QOL r =0.37) of WHO-QOL-BREF questionnaire.
Conclusion: There is a positive association between PA and QOL among T2DM patients though this association differs across the domains and items. Thus it can be concluded that PA has a beneficial effect on all dimensions of the QOL among T2DM patients. Effort and awareness should be dedicated to encouraging the active lifestyle among T2DM patients. Further studies need to be conducted to garner a deeper understanding of the relationship between PA and QOL