Yoga is an ancient art of practicing asanas and pranayamas. These exercises are considered to be originated in India. Yogic asanas are specific ‘Physical Positions’ or ‘Postures’ which co-ordinate with movements to hold the specific position to stretch and strengthen different parts of the body. Pranayama is also helpful in purification of body by removing waste products through the process of inhalation and exhalation. Due to pranayama our internal organs are purified in the same way as the metal of gold and silver are purified when they are put in the fire. The main aim of this article is to present a review study of the effects of yogic training including yogic asanas and pranayamas on physical fitness components of sportspersons. More than 300 research papers were searched using specific keywords in databases, out of which 16 relevant studies were selected for systematic review. The selected studies show positive effects of yogic training on selected physical fitness components. It was observed that yogic training of 10 to 12 weeks has more significant effects on muscular strength, explosive strength, muscular endurance, speed, agility and cardio-vascular endurance. However, many researchers recommended that the yogic training of more than six weeks has a positive effect on physical fitness components.