Regular physical activity can improve women’s' health and help prevent many of the diseases and conditions that are major causes of death and disability for women around the world. Many women suffer from disease processes that are associated with inadequate participation in physical activity:
. Cardiovascular diseases account for one-third of deaths among women around the world and half of all deaths in women over 50 years old in developing countries.
. Diabetes affects more than 70 million women in the world and its prevalence is projected to double by 2025.
. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break and is most prevalent in post-menopausal women.
Physical Activity has also been associated with improved psychological health by reducing levels of stress, anxiety and depression. This is particularly important for women who demonstrate an incidence of depression that is reported to be almost double that of men in both developed and developing countries. It has also been suggested that physical activity can contribute to building self-esteem and confidence and can provide a vehicle for social integration and equality for women in society.
Sports by their very nature are enjoyable, challenging, all absorbing and requires a certain amount of skill and physical condition. In the present study the researcher tried his best to see whether there is a difference of physical fitness among different age category of tribal girls. To conduct the study, 60 (sixty) school going tribal girls student of Seva Bharati Vidyatan, Kapgari, Jhargram were considered. The age of the subjects were 11 years, 12 years and 13 years as obtained from the school records. Random group design was used for selecting the subject for the present study to compare Physical Fitness of tribal Girls with different age category. The obtained data in form of digital score was treated statistically to get results and to draw conclusions by using inferential statistics. Significance of statistical difference among the groups was measured by applying “ANOVA” statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The gathered data on the basis of selected tests revealed that the tribal girls of three different age categories differed significantly in respect of Muscular Strength and Speed but in relation to Flexibility, Muscular Endurance and Agility insignificance differences were found among the tribal girls of three different age categories.