The main intention of this research was to assess the impact of an 8 week yoga practice protocol carried out yoga in water to improve overall physical function and blood lipid profile levels in a group of women with overweight subjects and to compare this aqua yoga practice with yoga in land practice, and the control group. Elevated levels of High Density Lipo Protein, (HDL), total cholesterol and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) are important risk factors for coronary heart disease. Another established predictor of cardiovascular disease is obesity. Obesity and overweight are widespread phenomena and they have reached spreads quickly and affects many individuals in developed countries.
Methods: For achieving this purpose 45 obese people were randomly allocated to three groups: Aqua yoga group (AYG), land yoga group (LYG), and control group (CG). AYG and LYG followed a 2-month, twice-weekly. AYG training for practiced aquqyoga in body temperature, while LYG did it in a land-based environment.
Results: After the intervention, high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) was maintained in AYG and LYG. The test of enzymatic colorimetric showed a decreased in both training groups (AYG − 37.98, P, 0.O5; LYG − 37.35, P, 0.O5), with a significantly greater increase in AYG. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) was maintained in AYG and LYG. The enzymatic colorimetric test showed a decreased in both training groups (AYG − 179.28, P, 0.O5; LYG − 182.37, P, 0.O5), with a significantly changed in AYG. In both water and land-based yoga were resulting in good in improving the HDL-C and in reducing Low-density lipoprotein. Aqua yoga appeared a better practice to improve quality of fitness. Practising Yoga poses in Swimming pools reduce the stress enhance the Physical, mental and biochemical of the obese women.