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International Journal of Yogic, Human Movement and Sports Sciences
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ISSN: 2456-4419

International Journal of Yogic, Human Movement and Sports Sciences

2018, Vol. 3 Issue 2, Part O

Effect of dominant somatotype on motor quality trainability

AUTHOR(S): Sunitha KB and Dr. Maria Martin Joseph
ABSTRACT:
The study was to find out the effect of dominant somatotype on motor quality trainability of Come and Play Scheme of Lakshmi bai National College of Physical Education. Screening of all the male trainees was carried out to select 20 subjects each for Endomorphy, Mesomorphy and Ectomorphy groups using Heath Carter Somatotype method suggested by ISAK (International Society for Advancement Kinathropometry).The age of subjects ranged from 15-17 years. Further, each somatotype groups (n=20) was divided in to two equated groups of ten each to act as control and experimental groups. Initial tests on motor qualities were conducted on all the sixty selected subjects of the study. The experimental groups were given training for eight weeks (three days per week) as per the planned schedule. Control groups had routine activity schedule and other daily life activities same as the experimental groups. Post-test was conducted on all sixty subjects after completion of eight weeks of training. The data collected on sixty subjects before start of the training and after completion were analyzed to find out the effect of dominant somatotype in adapting to motor qualities. The difference of pre-test and post-test of both experimental and control groups were compared using independent ‘t’ test. The level of significance was set at .05. The findings of the study revealed that the endomorph were more receptive in adapting with the training schedule and improved significantly on their motor qualities such as speed, reaction time and endurance. Other variables like agility, static balance (right leg), static balance (left leg), dynamic balance, coordination, power, grip strength ( left), grip strength (right), leg strength and back strength did not show any improvement. Further it revealed that mesomorphs were more receptive in adapting with the training schedule to improve significantly on their motor qualities such as agility, speed, static balance (right leg), static balance (left leg) and power. Other variables like reaction time, dynamic balance, coordination, grip strength (left), grip strength (right), leg strength and back strength did not show any improvement. The ectomorphs showed significant improvement on their motor qualities such as speed, static balance (right leg), static balance (left leg), endurance and leg strength. Other variables like agility, reaction time, dynamic balance, coordination, power, grip strength (left), grip strength (right) and back strength did not show any improvement.
The present study revealed that the mesomorphs and ectomorphs were more responsive to the training schedule to improve significantly on their motor qualities as compared to endomorphs.
Pages: 880-883  |  416 Views  3 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sunitha KB, Dr. Maria Martin Joseph. Effect of dominant somatotype on motor quality trainability. Int J Yogic Hum Mov Sports Sciences 2018;3(2):880-883.
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