Sport is now a worldwide phenomenon. Every country has a strong will to win medals in international level. A systematic and scientific planning is required in training and coaching. Sports policy is one of the major or practical means of invention in sports. The infrastructure, motivation, incentives are the bases of a good sports policy.
The Government of India had made several programs and plans to promote physical education and sports in the country. These efforts either may be before or after independence are considered as a frame of sports policy.
As early as 1904 the resolution of the Govt. of India on Education policy stated that each school compulsorily ensure health and recreation of the pupils and only such schools can be eligible to be ranked as recognized schools.
The Calcutta University Commission (1917-19) envisaged that there should be a Director of Physical Education Committee of the Govt. of Bombay in 1937 envisaged that “physical education and intellectual education are complementary to each other and must be integrated in such a way as to form an organic whole”
Radhakrishnan Commission 1948-49 recommended a strong program of physical education and sports in universities and schools. The Mudaliar commission 1952-53 recommended that physical education, group games and individual physical exercises should be given in all schools.
The conference of education ministers of states in 1956, 1959, 1964 recommended that greater intention should be given to physical education, games and sports.
The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports was initially set up as the Department of Sports in 1982 at the time of organization of the IX Asian Games in New Delhi. Its name was changed to the Department of Youth affairs & sports during celebration of the International Youth Year, 1985.