Music and sports are different disciplines, but they are interlinked each other. According to Justine Timberlake, music and sports are natural complements to each other as suits and ties.
Music helps sportsmen to develop their concentration and performance. Hence, many researchers like Atkinson G, Wilson D and Priest and others are doing research on this topic.
Music is a pervasive presence in society and is routinely used to influence human behavior in a variety of settings and for a variety of purposes including exercises behaviors and physical education classes.
Karageorghis, Terry and Lane (1999) conducted much of the research in connections with music in sport and exercises. They presented a conceptional frame work predicting the effects of asynchronous and motivational music in the context of exercise and sport.
From the previous studies, it is found that four factors have been identified that contribute to the motivational qualities of a given piece of music rhythm response; musicality, cultural impact and association. Rhythm response is the response to the rhythmical elements of music- the key characteristic of music for eliciting bodily response. Musicality is the response to the Pitch related elements of music such as hormone and melody. Cultural impact is the pervasiveness of the music within society. The association factor is the personal music association that may evoke bodies to be physically active. The four factors were different in the extent to which they contributed to the motivational qualities of music with rhythm response found to exert the greatest influence on bodily responses and association the least.
Karageorghis et all (2006) proposed that asynchronous motivational music leads to three psychological responses, namely arousal control, reduced ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and improved mood. They also provided guidelines to the practitioners to facilitate the prescription of music that may ultimately impact exercise.