Athletics is the world’s oldest sports and it has been universally popular. The majority of the school and collages fielded track teams long before they did any other athletic teams. At present in schools and colleges more students compete in athletics than in any other sport. There is more knowledge of technique and greater opportunity to compete. This issue was to greater interest in athletics. There are three common long distance running events in track and field competitions: 3000 metres, 5000 metres and 10,000 metres. The latter two races are both Olympic and World Championship events outdoors, while the 3000 m is held at the IAAF World Indoor Championships. The 5000 m and 10,000 m events have their historical roots in the 3-mile and 6-mile races
In terms of competition rules and physical demands, long distance track races have much in common with middle-distance races, except that pacing, stamina, and race tactics become much greater factors in performances.