2018, Vol. 3 Issue 2, Part D
Physiological basis of yoga and pranayama
AUTHOR(S): Dr. Dalveer Singh Kaunteya
Physiology deals with the functions of the body, mechanisms of the human body that make it a living being. It is the study of functions of normal body, includes the study of different chemical, physical changes taking place in the normal body. Asana are also called as postures. There are over 84 asana and each one of them has a different technique of performing and they are also named differently. Each yoga asana tends to heal the body in a different manner. The process of respiration has three components. Pooraka is inspiration of air, kumbhaka means retention, and rechaka is expiration. It can be said that kumbhaka is pranayama and pranayama is kumbhaka, not pooraka and rechaka, which are natural processes. Kumbhaka is again of three types. Bahir kumbhaka is retention of breath at the end of expiration. It is very necessary to keep the body healthy and fit inside out. Yogasanas are done for keeping the internal and external parts of the body healthy. Yoga asana are carried out to get relief from pain and bring about improvement from various disorders. It can improve the blood circulation in the body and allow unrestricted flow of blood to various parts of the body. Yoga asana are also essential for removing the toxins or negative blocks in the body. Breathing techniques and patterns are regularly advocated for relaxation, stress management, control of psycho physiological states and to improve organ function. Yoga and Pranayama reduces sympathetic dominance/increased parasympathetic activation, Reduces blood pressure, Reduces resting heart rate, Reduces cholesterol, Reduces blood glucose levels, Improved lipid profile, Decrease body weight, Increase core stability, Improve balance, Improve lung function, Improve breath control and Reduce chronic pain, including lower back pain.
Pages: 264-265 | 265 Views 8 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Dalveer Singh Kaunteya. Physiological basis of yoga and pranayama. International Journal of Yogic, Human Movement and Sports Sciences. 2018; 3(2): 264-265.